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China and Pakistan have more nuclear head than India, claimed SIPRI

 New Delhi, 15 June: China and Pakistan have more nuclear weapons than India. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed in its report that the Indian Air Force handed over 48 nuclear bombs to its aircraft and allegedly certified its Mirage 2000H fighter bomber aircraft for delivery of nuclear gravity bombs.


Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI-CPRI) on Monday launched the CPRI-2020 Year Book, which currently assesses the world's ordnance, disarmament and international security. In this, important estimation has been made about world nuclear power, based on the conditions up to January 2020, that by 2019, all nuclear-rich countries can modernize their nuclear arsenals in 2020. Sipri revises its data of world nuclear forces every year on the basis of new information and updates. The total figure includes the highest estimate when a range is given. The figures for North Korea are highly uncertain and are not included in the overall figures.


In its report, Sipri said that India conducted its first nuclear test in 1974 and currently it has 150 warheads. Pakistan did its nuclear test in 1998. It now has 160 warheads. The report states that China conducted a nuclear test a decade ago and currently has 320 warheads. Combined, the United States and Russia topped the list with 5,800 and 6,375 warheads respectively.



 The report also noted that, in early 2019, nine nuclear-rich countries,  the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) had about 13,865 nuclear weapons. Sipri estimated that there would be 13,400 nuclear warheads in 2020,  the shortfall having been marked in the report. The United States, Russia, the United Kingdom and France currently have approximately 3720 nuclear weapons with operational forces and about 1800 of them have been placed in high operational alert status.


The report claimed that India and Pakistan are known for increasing their own arsenal, but in comparison, China is expanding its nuclear arsenal with significant modernization. India has also been expanding its infrastructure to build nuclear weapons along with increasing the size of its nuclear weapons reserves, the report claimed. India is also continuously increasing its uranium enrichment capabilities at its Rattehalli plant near Mysore, Karnataka, known to be  rich in uranium. 


It is speculated that the Jaguar aircraft of the Indian Air Force may have an important role in the atomic bombing. India's sea-based capability is estimated to have delivered 12 nuclear warheads for possible deployment by Arihant nuclear submarine.

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